Description: Here we see a sturdy, short, but incredibly strong little dog. The head is slightly rounded with a clear space between the ears. The Norfolk Terrier muzzle is wedge shaped and muscular. The ear is a small plain and tight to the cheeks. With small oval shaped eyes, that are dark. The tail is set high and is usually docked by half in countries that permit docking. The Norfolk Terriers' coat is wiry and straight about 1½ inches in length. Colours include black and tan, Wheaton, tan, or grizzle and can come with or without dark points and more rarely, white markings. This is the smallest of the Terriers and their weight is 10 to 12 pounds and they stand 10 inches tall. They generally live between 12 and 15 years on average.
History: First, coming from England in the area of East Anglia. The Norfolk Terrier and Norwich Terriers, used to be the same breed with slightly different ears. They were separated in England in 1964, and in 1979 the AKC officially saw them as separate breeds. This dog used to be used as a vermin killer in barns, on farms, and they were also used to scaring foxes, who had gone underground, the Norfolk Terrier would go into their dens and chase them back out for the hunters to kill them. This dog became fashionable, to students, to keep in their rooms at Cambridge University. The breed was then called Cantab Terrier, this was prior to World War I. At about this time, a man called Frank Jones sold lots of this breed to the USA, and so they were called the James Terrier. The AKC registered the first Norwich terrier in 1936.
Temperament: The Norfolk Terrier is a well-balanced dog showing courage, affection and is active without showing any
signs of nervousness. This breed is easy to train, but they do need consistent rules, they have to follow. They require
a good long walks to drain their energy, or you may find barking and digging become a problem. Do not trust this
breed with small pets such as hamsters, rats and mice as their natural instinct is to kill vermin. Small dog syndrome
must be avoided, with good leadership and plenty of positive activities, or behaviour problems can arise, including
jealousy, odd guarding behaviour, separation anxiety and problems with pack leadership. This dog is difficult to
potty train, and a lot of time work has to go into this.
This breed is good with children, and just love everybody and everything, being particular partial to a good game of catch. It is wise to remember, this is a dog that has been bred to work so they have a lot of energy and thrive on an active life. Walking daily is vital for this breed.
Health issues: Some bloodlines are prone to back problems and genetic eye disease, but overall this is a good healthy breed.
Grooming: The Norfolk Terriers' coat is relatively easy to keep clean. Daily brushing is important, and little clippings, as required, are all this coat needs. Only when necessary bath this dog, or you can get damaged fur. This breed is a light shedder.
Living conditions: With the proper amount of exercise. The Norfolk Terrier breed does well in an apartment.
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